Heartbeat is a daemon that provides cluster infrastructure (communication and membership) services to its clients. This allows clients to know about the presence (or disappearance!) of peer processes on other machines and to easily exchange messages with them.
In order to be useful to users, the Heartbeat daemon needs to be combined with a cluster resource manager (CRM) which has the task of starting and stopping the services (IP addresses, web servers, etc.) that cluster will make highly available. Pacemaker is the preferred cluster resource manager for clusters based on Heartbeat.
The Linux-HA project maintains a set of building blocks for high availability cluster systems, including a cluster messaging layer, a huge number of resource agents for a variety of applications, and aplumbing library and error reporting toolkit.
You usually want to deploy the Pacemaker Cluster Resource Manager on top of the Heartbeat infrastructure layer. If you happen to be still under the impression that this CRM would be part of Heartbeat, please see Why was the Pacemaker Project Created?
Sumber : Heartbeat Application http://www.linux-ha.org