abbas bin firnas - first aviator

 

Abbas ibn Firnas (810–887 WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_063f2f6f7cf2fb9c50d3b605c5b347e9), also known as Abbas Abu al-Qasim ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini (WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_9613345fcefdc2d72a19e4045309246e: عباس بن فرناس‎‎), was an WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_47ff82e7ee932c013feea1d7fb3930ad WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_75d4560811d527c36cfa02c839af2f3c:WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_53641858fbe1f582281f57efbb3f186cWDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_15b831b2ab6f01a09b1f68daff3c7644 an WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_4c7783c0bb8245935bf8f4ac8cff04f1, WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_109deabd0414934237d6cbed1080f837, WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_81dc0db93a59050996e0c5e6fa7738e4, WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_f4cfaa2a7958749d408da6a3b8fb5cb4, WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_2b96b40c6feb6a9aa9a74852d39ba198, and WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_ae1002fb17a87b246cffc19d70775c00.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_15b831b2ab6f01a09b1f68daff3c7644 Often said to be of WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_d04ec4430c415c12962b7b3281c7b52c descent,WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_269f3fc86f4e192a7873abbe576908efWDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_dc59dfce7302814aa755a2d25589c0e9 he was born in Izn-Rand Onda, WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_a013668fde7a7de305e2f62b55f51854 (today’s WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_0ec488c264bdb5afc5c8a14ff4ac61a7, WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_bca5c2b1657cf9f6d066ae3f0252ac28), lived in the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_8bb8dc98a6bb8ba0fdbe766c06029b1a, and is reputed to have attempted flight.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_99642019ddf7e0db2c40c7435689a200WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2

The WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_42cf581c50304886a15f44308e777bac on the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_874fab5a63f1697fc6b1b49d4ab43f9e is named in his honor, as well as the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_c054cdbb0b3eb2b27554fbfebc492589 in Baghdad and one of the bridges over the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_aa2f93f2711aad86a4bacd4cf884c419 river in WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_9118a16ea9e74e037bfee0a0354197a0.

 

WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_b662326174932bbc089be59178da0cf4
abbas bin firnas – first aviator

 

Abbas Ibn Firnas designed a WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_53826c00b24e917bb8674ae3d2620f3e called al-Maqata, devised a means of manufacturing colorless WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_14eaf395990f31cca3caa9e93fb73d74, invented various glass WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_c709dd11323e74075665d8ca83c7d4ea, made WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_d96e7b022f6603e21eb378f21a6efff8 (“WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_9568ae450307f45f05dee04487c48d37“), devised a chain of rings that could be used to simulate the motions of the planets and stars, and developed a process for cutting rock crystal that allowed Spain to cease exporting WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd32ed7c1ad437b1918a71a6a4a26b0 to WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_649aea41d0846ae2a25fb3368a21e4cb to be cut.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_99642019ddf7e0db2c40c7435689a200WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2

Aviation

Some seven centuries after the death of Firnas, the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_bb06bdae17a20261c73771d67a5125fe historian WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_ffe6bc628192c9a308c25449e1a1c483 (d. 1632) wrote a description of Firnas that included the following:WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_958d7da05ad2de31f88d2533a2a94df2

Among other very curious experiments which he made, one is his trying to fly. He covered himself with feathers for the purpose, attached a couple of wings to his body, and, getting on an eminence, flung himself down into the air, when according to the testimony of several trustworthy writers who witnessed the performance, he flew a considerable distance, as if he had been a bird, but, in WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_843afb3058ff5438137b783474bee88b again on the place whence he had started, his back was very much hurt, for not knowing that birds when they alight come down upon their tails, he forgot to provide himself with one.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2

Al-Maqqari is said to have used in his history works “many early sources no longer extant”, but in the case of Firnas, he does not cite his sources for the details of the reputed flight, though he does claim that one verse in a 9th-century Arab poem is actually an allusion to Firnas’s flight. The poem was written by Mu’min ibn Said, a court poet of WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_26bc1f827537b09444fa6892a4aea3d2under WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_97f2b57fdd1128709f4ba54e1332f459 (d. 886), who was acquainted with and usually critical of Ibn Firnas.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2 The pertinent verse runs: “He flew faster than the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_e1db386da9407193afc4759e466e084f in his flight when he dressed his body in the feathers of a WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_e17cfc6a06eb558553b83fa80a93c574.”WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_958d7da05ad2de31f88d2533a2a94df2 No other surviving sources refer to the event.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_7e41a34482797466908a85c9f446c113

It has been suggested that Ibn Firnas’s attempt at WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_d1f2a2c0319384f35c7503a0ceef562c flight might have inspired the attempt by WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_dd7982ab5f7201012cb73d654ec6c38f between 1000 and 1010 in WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_82a29bb5cb877a84d7dce6d55d0dba23,WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_9355444a07e7788ea631957571f078fb but there is no evidence supporting this hypothesis.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2

 

Armen Firman

Armen Firman may be the WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_c4b9b0a4273ca8f422ee4bc058ba62db of Abbas Ibn Firnas,WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_e12ad5d83a8be9d611b044e8b594b2ee

According to some WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_cedbe29cf2e28214af837b5791781725, about 20 years before Ibn Firnas attempted to fly he may have witnessed Firman as he wrapped himself in a loose cloak stiffened with wooden struts and jumped from a tower in Córdoba, intending to use the garment as wings on which he could glide. The alleged attempt at flight was unsuccessful, but the garment WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_2529a4a50d794c2483000232c1895c35 enough that he only sustained minor injuries.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_99642019ddf7e0db2c40c7435689a200

However, there is no reference to Armen Firman in other secondary sources, all of which deal exhaustively with Ibn Firnas’ flight attempt.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_b15dfc43bb1dfa0399023f089c4b5dfbWDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_76481a4a3233fc87af6ef087814e1979 Armen Firman is not mentioned in al-Maqqari’s account.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_99642019ddf7e0db2c40c7435689a200

As this story was recorded only in a single WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_301cb5b066ffba52991116d7168e7776, al-Maqqari,WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_5dd67e3aa66ef591589ca8280bc782e2 and since Firman’s jump is said to have been Ibn Firnas’ source of inspiration,WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_99642019ddf7e0db2c40c7435689a200 the lack of any mention of Firman in al-Maqqari’s account may point to synthesis, the tower jump later confused with Ibn Firnas’ gliding attempt in secondary writings.WDS_LINK_PLACEHOLDER_99642019ddf7e0db2c40c7435689a200

 

 

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbas_ibn_Firnas

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